Friday, 8 September 2017

General Economics

National Income : Basic Concepts
                                                              












1. Gross Domestic Product (GDP):

Human Resource Management

 Theory X & Theory Y



 Douglas McGregor created in 1960 . He avoided the descriptive words and the title theory X and theory Y. He has not implied that the workers, one or On the contrary, he sees both theories as two extremes - with a whole series of possible behaviors between. Theory X: (authoritarian management style) management created in theory - hypotheses X, signatures based on the carrot approach, which restrict through discipline and penetrate and create the stick.

Management Accounting

Responsibility accounting
Accountability accounting involves accounting and budgeting an internal company. The aim is to plan and control the responsibility of a company to visit centers such as departments and decentralized divisions.

Accounting is the preparation of the annual and monthly budgets for each account center. The reported reports represent the actual amounts for each budget item and the difference between the budget and the actual quantities. In the sense that the actual transactions of the company are classified by a responsible center, which creates a monthly report.

The liability account allows the company to have a manager's responsibility center to maintain the manager's performance in the monthly comments.

What is mutual fund ?

 Mutual fund

  Mutual fund which it manage professionally .


WHO MANAGES INVESTOR’S MONEY?
  The Asset Management Company (the Third tier) who manage (IM). The Asset management Company (AMC) which it is by appoint Trustees , to manage investor’s money. The AMC which it  fee charged  for the services provided and the investors fee is borne as it is deducted from the money collected from them. The AMC’s Board of Directors which they required  50% of Directors They are independent directors.

Security Analysis and Portfolio Management (SAPM).

 What is an IPO?
The IPO which it is as shares to the general public (initial public offering is the first issuance of a company's).It is called as primary market. The IPO shares which they are allowed in the stock market where they can be bought and sold. It is called secondary market. In other words, The IPO which it  is defined as an exercise the unlisted company makes either a fresh issue of securities or an offer for sale of its existing securities or both for the first time to the public. The shares which is allocated to the public is which do not constitute 100% by company's shares. some of the percentage is given to the public. Eventhough the company owner or the board of directors which they hold the majority of the shares.



Saturday, 1 July 2017

Neo- Classical Theory ( Evolution of Management )


George Elton Mayo
George Elton Mayo, social theorist and industrial psychologist, was born on December 26, 1880 in Adelaide, Australia. In 1897 entered the University of Adelaide and finally to the University of Edinburgh where it tried three times to study medicine, discovered that it was not really his thing; So in 1907 he returned to the University of Adelaide where he studied philosophy and psychology. He graduated with was appointed professor in mental and moral philosophy at the University of Queensland. On April 18, 1913 in Brisbane he had married Dorothea McConnel.

The Harvard School appointed him associate professor in 1926 and professor of industrial research in 1929. There he joined research and designed on the personal and social factors that determine the production of work at the Western Electric Co.'s Chicago plant, These famous Hawthorne experiments were pioneering studies in modern social research. May was one of the most influential, though controversial, social scientists of his time.

Scientific Management by F.W. Taylor ( BIOGRAPHY )

                                                                     Biography

* Taylor was born in 1856 to a wealthy Quaker family in Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Educated early by his mother, Taylor studied for two years in France and Germany and traveled Europe for 18 months. In 1872, he entered Phillips Exeter Academy in Exeter, New Hampshire.

Upon graduation, Taylor was accepted at Harvard Law. However, due to rapidly deteriorating eyesight, Taylor had to consider an alternative career. After the depression of 1873, Taylor became an industrial apprentice patternmaker, gaining shop-floor experience at a pump-manufacturing company, Enterprise Hydraulic Works, in Philadelphia. Taylor's career progressed in 1878 when he became a machine shop laborer at Midvale Steel Works. At Midvale, Taylor was promoted to gang-boss, foreman, research director, and finally chief engineer of the works. Taylor became a student of Stevens Institute of Technology, studying via correspondence and obtaining a degree in mechanical engineering in 1883. On May 3, 1884, he married Louise M. Spooner of Philadelphia.

Fayol’s fourteen Principles of management

 Administrative Management - Contribution of Henri Fayol

Henri Fayol was real father of modern Management. Henri Fayol is the French industrialist in 1841-1925. He was a mining engineer in.  Henri Fayol spent his entire working career in French industry; French cool and iron combine of commentary fourchambault. Henri Fayol developed a general theory of Business Administration.

Henri Fayol was concerned the principles of organization and the function of management. Fayol laid the foundation of management as a separate body of knowledge. He always insisted that if scientific forecasting and proper methods are used in management than company can get satisfactory results.  According to Fayol, management was not personal talent; it is a knowledge base skill.
  
 


Wednesday, 21 August 2013

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